JOURNAL
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May 2023 -
Volume 21, Issue 4


View this issue in pdf format

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From the Editor

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Prevalence of depressive symptoms and its predictive factors among male medical students in University of Bisha, Saudi Arabia
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Abdullah M. Alshahrani, Mohammad S. Al-Shahrani, Muffarah H. Alharthi, Mohannad S. Alamri, Mutasim E. Ibrahim
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256086

Pemphigus: Clinical study of 68 patients 5 years ago in Aden, Yemen
Amer Omer Bin Al-Zou
[Abstract]
[pdf]
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256088

Investigating Compliance with Insulin Injection Regimens among Diabetic Patients in Najran Armed Forces Hospital
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Metrek Almetrek, Saad Alghamdi, Ali Alhajri, Eisa Ghazwani, HebatAllah Hamdi, Mohmmed Ibrahim, Abeer Salih, Asma Alwadai
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256102

Regional Covid

Arthralgia and Soft Tissue Swelling Post Covid-19
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Juwairia Hashmi, Kader Mutluer
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256087

An Unusual Presentation of Acute Pancreatitis:
Case Report Study

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Aza Ziyada, Reem Hassan, Mansour Elmahdi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256089

Death of a child in family medicine clinic - a case report
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Bilal Hasan Chaudhry, Imran Ahmad
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256091

Smoking after a heart attack - a case report
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Laith AlMarsomi, Bilal Hasan
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256092

Mutations in ZBTB20 cause Primrose syndrome in a Pediatric Patient: A Case Report
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Fawzia Alsharif, Maha A. Elfaramawy, Mohammed F. Alamer, Aman M. Diqarshawi, Sabah S. Shaikh, Mariam AbouTouk, Aljohara S. Alsuhaili, Banan B. Julaidan, Aseel E Ghorab, Hafsat M. Ahmed, Ayoub S Albahrani, Amnah A Alomran, Batool A Alshehab, Ghosoun Anas Moallem
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256093

Irritable bowel or irritated by lactose?
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Mohammed Asif
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256094

The manifestations of asthma in a child with Williams Syndrome
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hanaa Hamadallah
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256096

Population and Community Studies

An assessment of parents' knowledge, awareness and practice regarding paracetamol use in children

[Abstract]
[pdf]
Manal Abdulaziz Murad, Murad A. Yasawy, Doha Hantoush, Renad Marghalani, Zinab Ali Khamis, Amirah K. Bantan, Manahel saud khayat, Safia Majdi EL-Qaisi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256100

Review

Predictors of Patients' Satisfaction with Primary Health Care Services at Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Systematic Review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Abdullah M. Alshahrani
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.9525610

Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)


Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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Editorial Enquiries -
abyad@cyberia.net.lb
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Advertising Enquiries -
lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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While all efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this journal, opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Publishers, Editor or the Editorial Board. The publishers, Editor and Editorial Board cannot be held responsible for errors or any consequences arising from the use of information contained in this journal; or the views and opinions expressed. Publication of any advertisements does not constitute any endorsement by the Publishers and Editors of the product advertised.

The contents of this journal are copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Australian Copyright Act, no part of this program may be reproduced without the permission of the publisher.

May 2023- Volume 21, Issue 4

An assessment of parents’ knowledge, awareness and practice regarding paracetamol use in children

Abstract

Introduction: Paracetamol is an effective antipyretic and analgesic medication also known as acetaminophen and it is over-the-counter medication although it is widely prescribed to treat mild to moderate pain and fever but at same time it could have minor side effects like lowering blood pressure or increasing heart rate or allergic reaction (rash and swelling).

Previous studies confirmed that there is a lack of information among the general population about how to take paracetamol and deal with the dosage which includes what is the maximum dose and how many times to take it daily (frequency). Most previous studies were done out of Saudi Arabia and to the best of our knowledge there are a lack of studies on the topic in Saudi Arabia. For that reason, our aim in this study was to assess parents’ knowledge, awareness and practice regarding paracetamol use in children and to evaluate whether doctors and pharmacists in hospitals or pharmacies educate the parents about this medication or not.

Methodology: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study was done via a validated questionnaire on the general population in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia. This study was conducted in July-August 2021.

The questionnaire has been used in previous studies and it is validated. The questionnaire is divided into four parts that comprises 32 questions; the first about socio-demographic data, the second part to assess parents’ awareness, the third part to assess parents’ knowledge and the fourth part assessing parents’ practises.

Results: The study consisted of 502 participants, 52.4% females and 47.6% males. More than half of the participants (58.8%) do not use paracetamol without doctors’ consultation. Regarding Knowledge score among participants, the mean score was 2.089, out of 6. There is a significant relationship between Knowledge and Mother’s educational level (P= 0.016). On the other hand 48.6% used syrup as their most commonly used form of treatment.

Conclusion: This study emphasises the need for increasing caregivers’ education on paracetamol use and its side effects. Overall the knowledge score was unsatisfactory. The study found a significant association between parents who had a university degree and their higher knowledge scores. Although most of the participants would consult their doctors before administering paracetamol, it showed no positive impact on their knowledge and practises towards antipyretics dose and side effects, which indicates a need for campaigns or educational programs on fever management.

Keywords: Paracetamol, Acetaminophen, Parents, Children.