JOURNAL
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June 2023 -
Volume 21, Issue 5


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From the Editor

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Original Contribution

Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months after birth: A cross-sectional study in health care centers in Khartoum, Sudan
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Walid Tawfig, Lateefa Othman Aldakhil
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256105

Prevalence and ultrasound features of polycystic ovaries in young females examined by pelvic ultrasound in primary health care in Qatar. Electronic Medical record-based study
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Tamer F. Ali, Abdelwahed Samir Abougazia
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256106

Venous Thromboembolism Awareness among Saudis Risk Group at Primary Health Care Centers in Riyadh
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Afaf Hakami, Hessa Almutairi, Mashael Alqwaiee, Fatemah Altheyab, Hanan Abuhaimid, Wejdan makrami, Maryam Almatrafi, Nadiah Alanazi, Huda Almofrih, Nora Alheleel, Nouf Al-Helail
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256107

Prevalence of Colonic Diverticulosis among Adult patients with Obesity and metabolic syndrome conditions, a Retrospective Study at a University Hospital in Saudi Arabia
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Hani Jawa, Mohammed Alfawaz, Waleed Alghamdi, Almoutaz Hashim, Enad Alsolami, Faisal Aljehani Meshari Abdulaziz Althobaiti, Fayafi Nidhal Alghazzawi, Reem Abdulraouf Ghaza, Lama Abdulmuti Alharbi, Muath Saeed Alharbi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256108

Acute painful crises may be causes of sudden deaths in sickle cell diseases
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Mehmet Rami Helvaci, Mehpare Camlibel, Burcu Yuksek, Alper Sevinc,
Celaletdin Camci, Abdulrazak Abyad, Lesley Pocock
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256109

Use of Uterine and Ovarian Arteries Doppler Parameters for the Prediction of Infertility in Females
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Syed Muhammad Yousaf Farooq, Nazish Zulfiqar, Meryem Zulfiqar,
Syed Amir Gilani, Zareen Fatima, Asif Hanif, Amer Akhter
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256113

Review

Role of glucagon-like peptide-1 analogues in weight management
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Bilal Hasan Chaudhry, Laith AlMarsomi
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256110

Helicobacter Pylori infection; the challenging task of improving eradication rates in light of rising antibiotic resistance, a literature review
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Asad Islam
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256112

Regional Covid

Effect of COVID-19 lock down on development of infants and toddlers
[Abstract]
[pdf]
Muhammad Qaisar Jamal Khattak, Bilal Hasan Chaudhry
DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256114

Middle East Quality Improvement Program
(MEQUIP QI&CPD)


Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Publisher -
Lesley Pocock
medi+WORLD International
AUSTRALIA
Email
: lesleypocock@mediworld.com.au
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June 2023- Volume 21, Issue 5

Prevalence and ultrasound features of polycystic ovaries in young females examined by pelvic ultrasound in primary health care in Qatar. Electronic Medical record-based study

(1) Consultant Radiologist, Radiology department, PHCC, Doha, Qatar
.(2) Consultant Radiologist, Radiology department, PHCC, Doha, Qatar

Corresponding author
Tamer F. Ali.
Consultant Radiologist, Radiology department, PHCC, Doha, Qatar
Email: dr.tamer1973@gmail.com

Received: April 2023. Accepted: May 2023; Published: June 1, 2023.Citation: Ali TF and Abougazia AS. Prevalence and ultrasound features of polycystic ovaries in young females examined by pelvic ultrasound in primary health care in Qatar. Electronic Medical record-based study. Electronic Medical record-based study. World Family Medicine. June 2023; 21(5): 13-20 DOI: 10.5742/MEWFM.2023.95256106

Abstract


Background and study aim: PCOS is a common recognized, heterogeneous disorder affecting women throughout their lifetime and it shows an excess production of androgens hor¬mone, ovulatory dysfunction and polycystic changes of the ovaries which can be seen by ultrasonography.

Ultrasound is the first imaging modality widely used in pelvic imaging. It is a non-invasive, rapid, painless, and safe imaging technique with no radiation.

The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence and ultrasound features of PCOS among young females.

Patients and Methods: A Multi-center retrospective descriptive electronic record-based study for all subjects with a valid ultrasound of the ovaries done in PHCC health centers from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2021.

The available pelvic ultrasound images were assessed for presence of PCOS sonographic criteria.

Prevalence of PCO was calculated. The sonographic features of PCO were described.

Results: The current study showed prevalence of PCO among young female with age ranging from 15 to 35 years, to be 6.85% with the majority of cases being bilateral. While unilateral cases were more in the right ovary.

Cases with PCO peripheral follicular arrangement were found to be the highest described sonographic finding in PCO cases.

Conclusion: Ultrasound plays a major role in PCO diagnosis. The assessment of the ovaries has been greatly improved by sonographic diagnostic criteria of PCO. In addition to demonstration of ovarian size, ultrasonography can evaluate the characteristic patterns of follicles distribution and ovarian stromal changes.

Key Words: Prevalence, PCO, US, Pelvis, Qatar.